As parents we quickly learns that one of the most frustrating parts of parenthood is caring for a sick baby. Figuring out what is bothering them is a total guessing game. Sometimes there are clues that point you in the right direction, but not always. Even if you can figure out what is wrong, there is only so much you can do to help them feel better. As parents we want to do as much as we can, so I’ve gathered together useful information and tips that I learned and used when I was caring for a sick baby.
Caring for a Sick Baby: Information and Tips to get You Through it
I’ll never forget the start of Nick’s first real cold. Especially since it turned into a terrible sinus infection, but that’s a story for another time. He was around 6 months old at the time. I had an idea that something was up when he took a few really long naps that were very out of character for him. Then the fussiness and congestion set in and they stuck around for quite some time.
No parent likes to see their child sick, and caring for a sick baby is the worst. I think it’s safe to say that most of us would gladly trade places with them. Besides not wanting to see them upset and miserable it’s frustrating to parents because there is little that we can do to help them.
Sadly though parents have to help their young ones get over many colds every year. In fact, the average child will have six to ten colds a year, and those kids that attend daycare or school can have up to 12 colds a year. We all know that colds don’t go away in a day either, so we’re talking about a lot of days when we have a fussy and unhappy sick infant on our hands!
Symptoms and Figuring out what’s Wrong
Since our little ones can’t tell us what feels bad it’s up to us to figure it out. The first thing to do is check for symptoms. The basic symptoms you’re looking for when caring for a sick baby are coughing, sneezing, a runny nose, and nasal congestion. Although the only symptom you may see is fussiness.
Fevers are also a possibility with a cold. You can check to see if your baby has a fever with a rectal thermometer, a digital ear thermometer, or a digital forehead thermometer. It’s important to note that different types of thermometers have different number ranges for what is considered a fever.
On a side note, can we talk for a second about how awesome those non-contact digital forehead thermometers are? You can even take a temperature reading while your baby is sleeping without having to wake them! I wish I had known about them when Nick was a baby. Getting him to hold still to take his temperature was really difficult. This would have made my life a lot easier. Now even our doctor’s office use them. This is seriously the only type of thermometer I’ll use now. I highly recommend checking this thermometer out if you’re in the market for a new one.
When Nick would get sick I would figure out his symptoms and then I would reach for my Baby Bible. This was actually a book that I was given when Nick was born, but I turned to it to help all the time. I especially used it to try and figure out what ailment Nick had at the time. The book was called Eat, Sleep, Poop and was written by Dr. Scott W. Cohen. If there is one book I feel every parent needs this would be it! Figuring out what Nick had kept me from running back to the doctor’s office every two weeks to figure out what he was sick with.
How to Treat the Cold
As adults, when we realize that we’re sick we usually take some sort of medicine and do our best to get through it. There isn’t really any medication that you can give to a sick baby though. Still, there are some things that you can do to help your sick infant feel better.
An infant has a fever if their temperature is 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or higher. If your child is under two months of age and has a fever than you should contact your doctor immediately. For children older than two months you can give them infant Tylenol (acetaminophen) every four hours. If your child is six months or older than you also have to option of giving them infant Motrin (ibuprofen) every six hours.
Dr. Cohen does state in his book that since Tylenol and Motrin are two different medicines they can both be given in rotation. Meaning that one medicine can be given between doses of the other one. Only do this though if your child’s fever doesn’t go down before the next dose of the first medicine. Nick doesn’t often get fevers, but I did switch back and forth between the two medicines when Nick had a very high fever from bronchitis just before he was a year old. You should contact your child’s doctor if their fever lasts longer than 72 hours.
Moist air can really help congestion. This can be accomplished with a humidifier or cool-air vaporizer. If you don’t have one of those items than another option is to take your child into a steamy bathroom.
Sick babies prefer being upright when they’re sick. Tummy time likely won’t go over too well when your little one isn’t feeling well. I found with Nick that he liked being in his swing, bouncy chair, or Bumbo seat. Of course that was if he was even willing to be put down.
Babies may sleep better if they are put in a slight reclined position. The American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend letting babies sleep on anything that isn’t a firm sleep surface. You can help your child to sleep in their crib by putting something under the top part of the mattress. This will lift it a few inches to help elevate the baby’s head. You can do this by putting a wedge or a rolled up towel under the head of the mattress.
When Nick was sick we had him sleep in his portable swing or his Fisher-Price Newborn Rock ‘n Play Sleeper in our bedroom. While it goes against what The AAP recommends there are pediatricians that feel swing sleeping is safe. In fact in The Happiest Baby Guide to Great Sleep by Dr. Harvey Karp talks about how in favor he is of using swings as a sleep aid. From birth Nick never slept in anything but his swing, so I never thought much of putting him back in one when he got sick.
Nick was the textbook baby of the philosophy behind The Happiest Baby on the Block , also written by Dr. Karp. One of the steps to help a baby sleep is to swing, and Nick needed that. I will say that in 2013 (the year that my copy of The Happiest Baby Guide to Great Sleep was published) it states that there were no records anywhere of a child that had died from choking (as has happened with car seats) while sleeping safely in a fully reclined swing.
No matter what way you choose to let your baby sleep a good amount of sleep is always important when it comes to fighting colds. You should do what you can to safely help your sick baby sleep. It’s always a good idea though to talk to your child’s pediatrician to decide what is best and safest sleeping location when caring for a sick baby.
As with all colds it is important that babies get enough fluids. As long as your baby is able to eat normally with their cold than the amount of breast milk or formula that your baby is getting should be enough fluid.
Feeding times can be very difficult when caring for a sick baby due to congestion. To help make things easier for your little one offer more frequent feedings as your sick infant may eat less at a time. It also helps to take periodic breaks during the feeding to allow your baby some breathing time. If they still are having a difficult time breathing than you can use saline drops (salt water) to help loosen up the mucus and then you can suck it out with a rubber bulb syringe or nose aspirator.
There is only so much that you can do when caring for a sick baby to help them feel better. The very best medicine though is some TLC from mom and dad.
Things to Avoid When Caring for a Sick Baby
As seems to usually be the case with babies there many things that you’ll want to avoid.
Cough and cold medicine should never be used for infants and young children. Topical salves and vaporizer additives are also not recommended as they can create breathing problems in infants and young children. You also don’t want to give any Tylenol or Motrin to a child that is dehydrated or vomiting continuously.
When it comes to raising up your child’s mattress there are some important things to note. First, you want to raise the actual mattress and not the legs of the crib. This could cause the crib to be unstable and topple over. Second, be sure that what you used to prop the mattress is under the bottom of the mattress and not directly under the child to prevent any chance of suffocation. Also, don’t tip the mattress up too much or your little one will slide down.
Limit the number of times you suction mucus out of your little one’s nose. The suctioning can actually cause irritation and inflame in the tissues in the nose causing more congestion. Truthfully the majority of the mucus is found far back in the nasal passageways, and you can’t get far enough back to suck that out. The best rule of thumb is if the baby is not bothered by the mucus it’s best to just leave it alone. Still, you don’t want your little one to get dehydrated, so it is a good option if it helps them eat.
In then end what you need to remember when you have a sick baby is that a common cold truly is common. You can find cold germs everywhere you go. There is only so much that you can due to prevent your baby from getting sick. As a parent I know how frustrating it is that you can only do so much to help your little one feel comfortable when they’re sick, but they will get through it and within a few days the worst will be over and they’ll start feeling better.
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